Here at Team Construction Roofing in Denver, we want to share the basics of a new or replacement roof in Denver. There are many things to consider when you are thinking of having a new roof installed. Cost and durability are often at the top of the list of considerations, but architectural style and aesthetics are important too. Here are some common roof types to consider when looking at a new roof for your home.
These are one of the most commonly used roofing materials for your average U.S. steep-sloped home. Asphalt shingle roofs are usually reinforced with fiberglass and organic materials. These shingles have historically been reinforced with organic felts, which are still available. Currently, fiberglass-reinforced asphalt shingles are best-sellers.
- Organic Shingles: These shingles have a cellulose-fiber base (i.e. wood) which is permeated with asphalt and layered with colored mineral granules.
- Fiberglass Shingles: These shingles are made up of a fiberglass mat, asphalt layers are found on the top and bottom, and covered with colored mineral granules.
Asphalt shingles come in varying fire resistance classes (Class A, B, and C). Class A has the most fire resistance, Class B has less, and Class C has the least. Usually, fiberglass shingles are Class A and often most organic shingles are Class C. Both types of asphalt shingles are available in a variety of colors.
The reinforcement used for asphalt shingles do not alter the appearance. Both organic and fiberglass asphalt shingles are available in grades (laminated, architectural) that provide a textured appearance. For homes that need algae protection (a problem in the warm, humid areas of the United States) copper or zinc-coated ceramic granules are available to use.
When it comes to the basics of a new or replacement roof in Denver, it is important to understand that the physical characteristics of asphalt roof shingles can vary significantly. It is best to seek out shingles that comply with standards set forth by the American Society Testing and Materials (ASTM). If a product complies with these standards, there is usually a note in the product literature and on the package. For organic shingles, you want ASTM D 225 and for fiberglass, you want ASTM D 3462.
Wood Shingles and Shakes
These shingles are made using pine, cedar, and redwood, along with a few other wood types. This natural wood look is popular for roofs in some areas of the United States, like the Midwest, California, and Northwest. Wood shingles are done by machine and look uniform, whereas wood shakes are handmade and look a little rougher. Due to fire concerns, some local building codes limit or forbid the use of these kinds of shingles. There are some of these shingles and shakes that have no fire rating at all, while others may have a Class C rating. You can find some wood shingles that have a Class A rating because they have a fire-resistant treatment that is applied in the production of these shingles.
Clay or Concrete Tile
Clay or concrete tiles are quite a durable roof material. Such tiles can create a mission or Spanish style or some of the flat tiles can be used for a more French or English appearance. Tiles are quite popular in Florida and the Southwest and are available in a variety of colors and styles. It is important to understand that clay and concrete tiles are very heavy and cannot be used on all homes. The structural integrity of the home and your roof inspected to ensure it can withstand the weight of such a heavy roof.
Some slate is quarried in the United States in Virginia, Pennsylvania, Vermont, and New York and many older homes in the Northeast have slate roofs. Slate is considered to be virtually indestructible. As a result, it is also substantially more expensive than a number of other roof types. Additionally, slate is not installed by some roofing companies because the application requires specific knowledge and training. Slate is available in different colors and grades depending on where it was quarried.
Metal can be used for both low-sloped and steep-sloped roofs. Originally, metal was only considered appropriate for low-sloped roofs. Metal roofing products are available in both shingles and panels. A number of different shapes and configurations are available and frequently they are designed to look much like more traditional roofs.
New or replacement metal roofs are long-lasting, lightweight, and a have a great resistance to bad weather conditions. They do well in places with high winds and a variety of inclement weather. Surprisingly though, not all metal roofs have a Class A fire resistance rating. Though metal is, by its nature, fire resistant, some metals transfer heat and get hot very quickly and so there are concerns about the material used under the metal panels and shingles, leading to a lower class rating.
Synthetic Roofing Products
There are a variety of synthetic roofing products available. Many are intended to simulate other roofing such as slate or wood shakes. It is important to recognize that these products do not necessarily have the same properties and so understanding their strengths and weaknesses will require a little research.
Ventilation and Insulation are Critical
Ventilation and insulation are important factors in the basics of a new or replacement roof in Denver. Proper ventilation prevents heat and moisture build-up, both of which can ruin your roofing and cause structural damage. Proper ventilation also reduces energy consumption. Insulation is also important to controlling heat gain and loss via the attic.
Determining which roof is right for you and your home should take into consideration our local climate and the basics of a new or replacement roof in Denver. Some roofs may not last as long or may be prone to issues, while others may be too expensive for your budget. If you want help determining the best roof for your home, contact us at Team Construction Roofing in Denver. We can pinpoint the best roof material to use, as well as install it quickly and correctly for better performance and longevity.